Top Expression!

a kick in one's gallop
异想天开

a kick in the pants…
[俚]意想不到的斥责[非难]

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Writing: Considering Structure & Organization

Writing: Considering Structure & Organization
On this page: Organizing Your Thoughts Constructing Paragraphs Writing the Topic Sentence Developing Your Argument: Evidence Developing Your Argument: Arrangement Coherence Introductions and Conclusions
Organizing Your Thoughts
Making sense out of your observations about a text is a difficult task. Even once you've figured out what it is that you want to say, you are left with the problem of how to say it. With which idea should you begin? Should you address the opinions of other thinkers? As to that stubborn contradiction you've uncovered in your own thinking: what do you do with that?

Writing papers in college requires that you come up with sophisticated, complex, and even creative ways of structuring your ideas. Accordingly, there are no simple formulae that we can offer you that will work for every paper, every time. We can, however, give you some things to think about that will help you as you consider how to structure your paper.

Let Your Thesis Direct You
Begin by listening to your thesis. If it is well-written, it will tell you which way to go with your paper. Suppose, for example, that in responding to Richard Pipes' book, The Russian Revolution, you have written a thesis that says:

The purpose of the Russian Revolution was not only to revise Russia's class system, but to create a new world, and within that world, a new kind of human being.

This thesis provides the writer (and the reader) with several clues about how best to structure the paper. First, the thesis promises the reader that it will argue that the Russian Revolution was not simply a matter of class. The paper will therefore begin by saying that although the destruction of the Russian class system was important to the heart of this revolution, it was not its final goal. The rest of the paper will be broken into two parts: the revolution's vision of world communism, and (even more important) its vision of the new homo sovieticus – or soviet human being.

I say that this idea of the homo sovieticus is more important than the idea of a new world order not because the Russian revolutionaries thought so, but because the writer seems to say so in her thesis. Read the thesis sentence again. Note how the emphasis falls on the last phrase: “A new kind of human being.” The emphasis in this sentence dictates the emphasis of the entire paper. We expect, as readers, that the other issues taken up in this paper – the destruction of class, the invention of a new world order – will be discussed in terms of creating a new kind of human being. In other words, we won't be given simply a description of how this revolution intended to affect world economy; we will be given a description of how this revolution intended to manipulate economic conditions so that they would be more favorable to the evolution of the new Soviet person.

Sketching Your Argument
While your thesis will provide you with your paper's general direction, it will not necessarily provide you with a plan for how to organize all of your points, large and small. Here it might be helpful to make a diagram or a sketch of your argument.

In sketching your argument your goal is to fill the page with your ideas. Begin by writing your thesis. Put it where your instincts tell you to: at the top of the page, in the center, at the bottom. Around the thesis, cluster the points you want to make. Under each of these points, note the observations you've made and the evidence you'll use. Don't get nervous when your sketch starts to look like a mess. Use arrows. Draw circles. Take up colored pens. Any of these methods can help you to find connections between your ideas that otherwise might go unseen. Working from your sketch, try to see the line of reasoning that is evolving.

Sketching is an important step in the writing process because it allows you to explore visually the connections between your ideas. If you outline a paper too early in the writing process, you risk missing these connections. You line up your argument – A. B. C. – without fully understanding why. Sketching your argument helps you to see, for example, that points A and C really overlap and need to be thought through more carefully.
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Hello world!

Welcome to WordPress.com. This is your first post. Edit or delete it and start blogging!

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不服不行!首曝中国海军东海布局的惊人策略!(转载)

《欧洲防卫报》报道了安东尼奥·陈的一篇分析文章。这位曾经在国内作个“军事研究员”的先生,目前在比利时作为北约战术分析组AVSP成员。  

东海问题:这里东海问题是一个北京采取的最直接的战略手段。如果想要了解这个问题的内部,就必须要从整体亚洲战局来分析。东海油气井的前期方案,可以说早在1997年以前中国与日本就基本达成了协议。在前座油井开发过程中,中国并没有直接过多的指责日本方面超越东海边界。 Continue reading

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agglomerate, aggregate, integrate

agglomerate
ag.glom.er.ate
AHD:[…-gl¼m“…-r³t”]
D.J.[*6gl%m*7reit]
K.K.[*6gl$m*7ret]
v.tr.intr.(及物动词和不及物动词)
ag.glom.er.at.ed, ag.glom.er.at.ing, ag.glom.er.ates
To form or collect into a rounded mass.
使成团,使结块,使聚结:使形成或聚集成圆的团块
adj.(形容词)
AHD:[-…r-¹t]
Gathered into a rounded mass.
成团的;结块的;聚结的:聚集成圆形团块的
n.(名词)
AHD:[-…r-¹t]
A confused or jumbled mass; a heap.
大团,大块;一堆:杂乱混杂的一团;一堆
A volcanic rock consisting of rounded and angular fragments fused together.
集块岩:由圆形石块和有角的石块聚结而成的火山岩

Latin agglomer³e  agglomer³t- [to mass together]
拉丁语 agglomer³e  agglomer³t- [聚在一起]
ad- [ad-]
ad- [前缀,表“朝向”]
glomer³e [to form into a ball]  from glomus [ball]
glomer³e [形成球]  源自 glomus [球]

————————————
aggregate
ag.gre.gate
AHD:[²g“r¹-g¹t]
D.J.[6#grigit]
K.K.[6#gr!g!t]
adj.(形容词)
Constituting or amounting to a whole; total:
聚集的;合计的:组成或合计在一起的;总计的:
aggregate sales in that market.
那个市场的总销售量
Botany Crowded or massed into a dense cluster.
【植物学】 丛生的,聚生的:聚集成密丛的
Composed of a mixture of minerals separable by mechanical means.
聚合的:由可用机械方式分离的混合矿物组成的
n.(名词)
A total considered with reference to its constituent parts; a gross amount:
总数;合计:把聚集的各部分看作一个总数;总数:
“An empire is the aggregate of many states under one common head”(Edmund Burke)
“帝国是具有共同首脑的多个国家的总和”(埃德蒙·伯克)
The mineral materials, such as sand or stone, used in making concrete.
集料,骨料,粒料:用于制造混凝土的矿物材料,如沙或石
v.tr.(及物动词)
ag.gre.gat.ed, ag.gre.gat.ing, ag.gre.gates[-g³t”]
To gather into a mass, sum, or whole.
使聚集,使积聚:使聚集成团块、总体或整体
To amount to; total.
总计达;总数有

in the aggregate
Taken into account as a whole:
总共:作为总体计算:
Unit sales for December amounted in the aggregate to 100,000.
12月份的单位销售量总数达到十万

Middle English aggregat
中古英语 aggregat
from Latin aggreg³s [past participle of] aggreg³re [to add to]
源自 拉丁语 aggreg³s  [] aggreg³re的过去分词 [加]
ad- [ad-]
ad- [前缀,表“朝向”]
greg³e [to collect]  from grex  greg- [flock] * see ger-
greg³e [收集]  源自 grex  greg- [一群] *参见 ger-

—————————————–
integrate
in.te.grate
AHD:[¹n“t¹-gr³t”]
D.J.[6inti7greit]
K.K.[6!nt!7gret]
v.(动词)
inte.grat.ed, inte.grat.ing, inte.grates
v.tr.(及物动词)
To make into a whole by bringing all parts together; unify.
使成一体:把所有部分放在一起而成一整体;使结合
To join with something else; unite.
合并;联合
To make part of a larger unit:
做为较大整体中的一部分:
integrated the new procedures into the work routine.
把新程序容入了工作程序
To open to people of all races or ethnic groups without restriction; desegregate.
使获得平等待遇:面向所有种族或宗教团体而无任何限制;取消种族隔离
Mathematics
【数学】
To calculate the integral of.
求…的积分
To perform integration on.
以积分法运算
Psychology To bring about the integration of (personality traits).
【心理学】 同化:导致(性格特点)的融合
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To become integrated or undergo integration.
成为一体或结合在一起

From Middle English [intact]
源自 中古英语 [完整的]
from Latin integr³s [past participle of] integr³re [to make whole]
源自 拉丁语 integr³s  [] integr³re的过去分词 [成为一体]
from integer [complete] * see tag-
源自 integer [完全的] *参见 tag-

in“tegra”tive
adj.(形容词)

integrate
[5IntI^reIt]
vt.
-grated, -grating
使成整体;结合
Many suggestions are needed to integrate the plan.
需要许多建议使计划更加完整。
进入社会;使与社会其他群体认同
The teachers are trying to integrate all the children into society.
教师们正设法使所有的孩子都以与社会融为一体。
求…的积分

integrate
[5inti^reit]
vt.
使结合(with); 使并入(into); 使一体化, 使完全, 使成一整体
[美]取消(学校等的)种族隔离; 使(黑人等)不受歧视
【数】求…的积分
表示(面积、温度等的)总和, 合计, 累计
integrate theory with practice
使理论与实践相结合
integrate a restaurant
取消饭馆用餐的种族隔离

integrate
[5inti^reit]
vi.
与…结合起来 (with); 成一体
A integrates with B. A
和B结合起来。

integrative
[`IntI^reItIv]
adj.

integrate … into
使…并入
integrate with
与…结合

integrate
来自拉丁语integratus<integrare使完整,并入<integer完整的

integrate
amassbalancecoordinateequalizeproportion

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凤凰花下

发信人: lianlian(Yeon)(等待offer@飞到海那边@春天花会开), 信区: Love
标 题: 凤凰花下
发信站: 鼓浪听涛 (Sat Mar 27 13:35:18 2004)
修改原作旧词一首,使之情意更明了:

碧云天,春草地,春色连波,波上伊人倩;
芙蓉畔,幽谷边,蝴蝶恋芳馨;
水慕斜阳山伴海,大海多情,不吝涛声一万年。

凤凰花,木棉树,树人兴学,学府立厦门
校主志,亚南情,南强梦未圆;
嘉庚楼高群贤楼,群贤不济,楼高空余恨绵绵。

http://snug.cn/midi/Love-XMU.mp3

【 在 lianlian 的大作中提到: 】
四年校园生活,今已毕业,离之在即,情何以堪?作词一首,廖表别意。。。

芙蓉畔,幽谷边,芳草绿如茵;
水慕斜阳山伴海,大海多情,不吝涛声一万年。

校主志,亚南情,南强梦未圆;
嘉庚楼高群贤楼,群贤不济,楼高空余恨绵绵。

–如果秋天过去了,我会在雪中爱你.如果世界消失了,我会在天堂爱你.如果你离开了,我会在泪水中爱你.如果我离开了,我会在远方爱你.即使你不爱我了我还是会在心中默默的爱着你!!!
—–lianlian( http://www.snug.cn)
Email:verylian@msn.com; QQ:195500217

※ 来源:.鼓浪听涛 bbs.xmu.edu.cn [FROM: 210.34.3.*]

Posted in 情者無畏 | 1 Comment

livelihood, living, subsistence, sustenance, maintenance, support, keep

livelihood
[5laivlihud]
n.
生计, 谋生

livelihood
live.li.hood
AHD:[lºv“l¶-h‹d”]
D.J.[6laivli87hud]
K.K.[6la!vli7h&d]
n.(名词)
Means of support; subsistence.
生计:维持生活的手段;生计

Middle English livelyhed
中古英语 livelyhed
alteration  influenced by liflihed [energy, vigor]  from lifli [lively]
受 liflihed的影响 [能量,活力]  源自 lifli [活泼的]
of livelode
livelode的变化
from Old English lº³d}
源自 古英语 lº³d}
lºf [life] * see life
lºf [生命] *参见 life
l³d [course] * see leit-
l³d [过程] *参见 leit-

livelihood, living, subsistence, sustenance, maintenance, support, keep
These nouns denote the means needed to provide the necessities of life.
这些名词表示用于提供生活需求的种种手段。
Livelihood  and living  are often interchangeable,  but livelihood  may specify the occupation by means of which one earns an income:  
Livelihood  和living 常可互换, 但livelihood 可指某人凭以赚取收入的职业:
Painting is her livelihood.
画画是她谋生的职业。
He earns a precarious living as a window washer.
他靠做擦窗工维持着朝不保夕的生活。
Subsistence  is sometimes equivalent to living:  
Subsistance  有时相当于living:
“The principal part of our subsistence was to be had by our guns” (Daniel Defoe). Very often, however, it suggests resources barely sufficient to support life:
“大部分生活所需都靠我们的枪来获得。” (丹尼尔·狄佛)。但它也常常表示勉强足够维持生活的资源:
“They [the Pilgrims]  fell upon an ungenial climate . . . that called out  [their]  best energies . . . to get a mere subsistence out of the soil”  (Ulysses S. Grant).
“他们[清教徒们] 正赶上恶劣的天气…迫使 [他们] 使出所有力气……才能从土地上得到刚够维持生计的那点收成。”  (尤利西斯S·格兰特)。
Sustenance  applies to what is necessary to sustain life and especially to the food needed for health and comfort:
Sustenance  指维持生命所需的东西,尤指健康和舒适所需的食物:
The urban homeless are often in desperate need of sustenance.
城市里无家可归的人极其需要食物来维持生命。
Maintenance, support,  and keep  are usually reckoned as the equivalent in money of what is needed to supply necessities such as food, lodging, and clothing:  
Maintenance, supprot  和keep 常被看作是提供食物、住宿和衣物等生活必需品所需的钱:
Both parents contribute to the maintenance of their children.
双方父母都给孩子们提供生活费用。
He lives in an opulent apartment but has no visible means of support.
他住在一间豪华公寓里,但看上去没有任何经济来源。
“Long before they reached their teens they were earning their keep” (J.M. Barrie).
“当他们长到远不到青少年的时候,就在赚钱维持生活了” (J.M.巴里)。
Support  also applies to one that provides the necessaries, means, or funds to sustain others:
Support  也用于表示维持他人生活的必须品、手段或资金:
Her earnings are the only support of her aged parents.
她年迈的父母仅仅靠他的收入来维持生活

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sufficient, adequate, enough; ample, plenty, plentiful, abundant,

sufficient, adequate, enough
The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “being what is needed without being in excess”;
ample: More than enough, Fully sufficient to meet a need or purpose;
abundant: Occurring in or marked by abundance, plentiful.See Synonyms at plentiful;
plentiful: Existing in great quantity or ample supply, Providing or producing an abundance;
plenty: A full or completely adequate amount or supply, A large quantity or amount, an abundance:

———————————————————
sufficient
[sE5fiFEnt]
adj.
充分的, 足够的

sufficient
suf.fi.cient
AHD:[s…-f¹sh“…nt]
D.J.[s*6fi.*nt]
K.K.[s*6f!.*nt]
adj.(形容词)
Abbr. suf., suff.Being as much as is needed.
缩写 suf., suff.充足的:满足需要的
Archaic Competent; qualified.
【古语】 有能力的;合格的

Middle English
中古英语
from Old French
源自 古法语
from Latin suffici¶s  sufficient- [present participle of] sufficere [to suffice] * see suffice
源自 拉丁语 suffici¶s  sufficient-  [] sufficere的现在分词 [足够] *参见 suffice

suffi“ciently
adv.(副词)

sufficient, adequate, enough
The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “being what is needed without being in excess”:
这些形容词所共有的中心意思是“足够的但不过多的”:
has sufficient income for a comfortable retirement;
有足够的收入保证了舒适的退休生活;
bought an adequate supply of food;
购买了充足的食物;
drew enough water to fill the tub. insufficient
提了足够多的水灌满了澡盆 insufficient

sufficient
[sE5fIF(E)nt]
adj.
足够的
Have you had sufficient sleep?
你睡足觉了吗?
Sufficient data have been collected for the building project.
为这项建筑工程已经收集了充分的资料。

sufficient
[sE5fiFEnt]
adj.
足够的, 充分的
[古]有能力的, 够资格的, 能胜任的
be sufficient for sb.'s needs
足够满足某人的需要
have not sufficient courage for it
没有做这事的充分勇气
Not sufficient !
存款不足(略 N/S)。
The pension is not sufficient for living expenses.
这年金不够应付生活费用。

sufficient
[sE5fiFEnt]
n.
[俗]足够[量]
Have you had sufficient?
你吃饱了没有?

sufficiently
[sE5fIFEntlI]
adv.

见 enough

sufficient
来自拉丁词 sufficiens <sufficere 足够

sufficient
adequateampleenoughplentysatisfactoryinsufficient

————————————————
ample
[5Ampl]
adj.
充足的, 丰富的

ample
am.ple
AHD:[²m“p…l]
D.J.[6#mp*l]
K.K.[6#mp*l]
adj.(形容词)
am.pler, am.plest
Of large or great size, amount, extent, or capacity:
宽敞的:尺寸、数量、范围或体积很大的:

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suggest, imply, hint, intimate, insinuate

suggest
[sE5dVest]
vt.
建议, 提出, 使想起, 暗示

suggest
sug.gest
AHD:[s…g-jµst“, s…-jµst“]
D.J.[s*g6d9est, s*6d9est]
K.K.[s*g6d9Wst, s*6d9Wst]
v.tr.(及物动词)
sug.gest.ed, sug.gest.ing, sug.gests
To offer for consideration or action; propose:
建议:提出…以供考虑或行动;提议:
suggest things for children to do; suggested that we take a walk.
建议孩子们做一些事;提议去散步
To bring or call to mind by logic or association; evoke:
使人想到:通过逻辑或联想使想起或唤起;唤起:
a cloud that suggests a mushroom; a ringlike symbol suggesting unity.
一朵让人想到蘑菇的云;让人想到团结的环状标记
To make evident indirectly; intimate or imply:
间接地表明;暗示:
a silence that suggested disapproval.
沉默暗示着反对
To serve as or provide a motive for; prompt or demand:
要求:成为或提供动机;提醒或要求:
Such a crime suggests apt punishment.
这样一桩犯罪要求给予适当的惩罚

Latin suggerere  suggest-
拉丁语 suggerere  suggest-
sub- [up] * see sub-
sub- [向上] *参见 sub-
gerere [to carry]
gerere [搬运]

suggest“er
n.(名词)

suggest, imply, hint, intimate, insinuate
These verbs mean to convey thoughts or ideas by indirection.
这些动词的意思是用间接的方式传达思想或观点。
Suggest  refers to the calling of something to mind as the result of an association of ideas or train of thought:
Suggest  指通过联想或思绪的联系使想到某事;
“his erect and careless attitude suggesting assurance and power”  (Joseph Conrad). To imply  is to suggest a thought or an idea that is unexpressed  but that can be inferred from something else, such as a statement, that is more explicit:
“他直截了当和粗心的态度让人想到确信和力量” (约翰)。Imply 的意思是提出一个没有明确表示的想法或主意, 但可以从别的较明显的事物,如一声明中推断出来:
The effusive praise the professor heaped on one of the students seemed to imply indifference toward or disapproval of the rest.
教授堆在一个学生头上的热情的赞扬似乎让人感到他对其他学生的冷淡和否定。
Hint  refers to an oblique or covert suggestion that often contains clues:
Hint  指的是通常包含线索的间接的或较隐密的暗示:
He hinted that he would accept an invitation if it were extended.
他暗示如果邀请扩大的话他将会接受。
My imagination supplied the explanation you only hinted at.
我的想象力补充了你仅作了含蓄的暗示的解释。
Intimate  applies to indirect, subtle expression that often reflects discretion, tact, or reserve:
Intimate  指一些反映出谨慎、技巧或保留的间接的、微妙的表达方式;
She intimated that she and her husband were having marital problems.  To insinuate  is to suggest something, usually something unpleasant, in a covert, sly, and underhanded manner:  
她含蓄地暗示她和她丈夫的婚烟出现了问题。 Insinuate 指以隐蔽的、委婉的或秘密的方式暗示通常是不愉快的事:
The columnist insinuated—but never actually asserted—that the candidate had underworld ties.
这个专栏作家暗示——但他从未真正地公开宣布——这个候选人与黑社会有瓜葛

suggest
[sE5dVest; (?@) sE^5dVest]
vt.
使想到,联想
(常与that连用)提议;提出;建议
I suggested that it would be quicker to travel by train.
我建议说坐火车旅行要快一些。
“'I suggest,' said the inspector, 'that you are not telling the truth.'”
“`我提醒你,'检查官说,`你讲的不是实话。'”
暗示;显出
“I suggest that you did not catch the 8 o'clock train, but that you caught the 8.25 train.”
“你没有搭8点钟的火车,而是搭的8点25分的车。”
“When I suggested that some villagers must have come in for a free drink, Mr Thompson shook his head.”
“当我暗示说,这准是某些村民进来偷喝掉的,汤普森先生摇摇头。”

suggest
[sE5dVest]
vt.
建议, 提出(意见、计划等)
暗示, 启发, 间接表明
使想起, 使联想到
It is suggested that …
有人提议…
I suggest that …
我觉得[认为]
He suggested going out for a walk.
他建议出去走走。
That girl's sun-tanned face suggests excellent health .
那个姑娘被太阳晒黑了的脸表明她身体非常健康。
The thought of summer suggests swimming.
想到夏天, 就使人联想到游泳。
An idea suggested itself to me [to my mind].
我产生了一个念头。

suggest itself to
产生…念头; 浮现在…心中

suggest
来自拉丁语 suggerere “携带,提供”的过去分词 suggestus <sub- 在下 + gerere 携带

suggest
advisehintimplyinsinuateintimateproposeprefixexpress

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hesitate, vacillate, waver, falter; hesitance, hesitancy, hesitation; hesitant,  hesitating

hesitate
[5heziteit]
v.
犹豫, 踌躇, 不愿

hesitate

Hesitate is when you don't do something immediately.
For example: The man could not make up his mind, so he decided to hesitate.
犹豫

hesitate
hes.i.tate
AHD:[hµz“¹-t³t”]
D.J.[6hezi7teit]
K.K.[6hWz!7tet]
v.intr.(不及物动词)
hes.i.tat.ed, hes.i.tat.ing, hes.i.tates
To be slow to act, speak, or decide.
犹豫:行事、说话或做决定迟缓
To pause in uncertainty; waver.
停顿:在不确定中停下来;动摇
To be reluctant.
不情愿
To speak haltingly; falter.
言语支吾:说话停停顿顿;说话结结巴巴

Latin haesit³e  haesit³t- [to hesitate] [frequentative of] haer¶re [to hold fast]
拉丁语 haesit³e  haesit³t- [犹豫]  [] haer¶re的重复动词 [紧紧抓住]

hes“itat”er
n.(名词)
hes“itat”ingly
adv.(副词)

hesitate, vacillate, waver, falter
These verbs mean to be uncertain, irresolute, or indecisive. To hesitate is to hold back or pause because of doubt or uncertainty, as about what to do or say:  
这些动词意为不肯定、优柔寡断或犹豫不决。Hesitate 是指因为怀疑或不确定,如不知做什么或说什么而退缩不前或停下来:
“A President either is constantly on top of events or, if he hesitates, events will soon be on top of him” (Harry S Truman).
“一位总统要么经常地驾驭各种事件要么为事件所驾驭,如果他犹豫的话” (哈里·S·杜鲁门)。
Vacillate  implies going back and forth between alternative, usually conflicting courses without making a final decision:
Vacillate  意味着在两种选择之间摇摆不定,通常为互相冲突的两种办法而不能最终做出决断:
She vacillated so long about attending the concert that when she decided to go, the tickets were sold out.
她为是否去听音乐会踌躇了很久,当她决定去时,票已售光了 。
Waver  suggests a delay in taking action once a choice has been made, as if the decision were being reconsidered:
Waver  暗示着做出选择后拖延着做出实际行动,好似重新考虑决定似的:
After much wavering he finally gave his permission.  To falter  is to be unsteady in resolution or action, as from fear or loss of courage:  
大费踌躇后,他最终同意了。 Falter 意为因害怕或缺乏勇气而在做决定或行动时摇摆不定:
The performer faltered in the middle of the show.
在表演中的表演者支支吾吾。
The marine never faltered in his duty.
那位海军陆战队士兵执行军务时从未犹豫不决。

hesitate
[5hezIteIt]
vi.
-tated, -tating
犹豫;踌躇
He hesitated before he answered because he didn't know what to say.
他在回答之前犹豫了一下,因为他不知道说什么。
“We do not hesitate to give our lives for our country, let alone suffer some hardships.”
“我们不惜为国献身,更不必说吃点苦了。”
“I hesitate to ask you, but will you lend me your car for a few days?”
“我真不好意思向你开口,你能把汽车借给我用几天吗?”
“Though she hesitated for a moment, she finally went in and asked to see a dress that was in the window.”
“尽管她迟疑了片刻,但最后还是进了店,并且要求给她拿一件陈列在橱窗里的衣服看看。”
She hesitated over the choice between the two blouses for her daughter.
这两件短恤衫她拿不定主意究竞挑哪一件给她女儿。

hesitate
[5heziteit]
vi.
踌躇; 迟疑.犹豫
支吾; 含糊
口吃
停顿
不欲, 不愿
hesitate at nothing
毫不犹豫地做某事
In case you need something, please don't hesitate to ask me.
如果你需要什么东西, 请不客气地对我说。
He who hesitates is lost.
[谚]当断不断, 必受其患。
Embarrassment caused me to  hesitate.
窘迫使得我(讲话)吞吞吐吐。

hesitate
[5heziteit]
vt.
用犹疑的态度表示
I choose rather to hesitate my opinion than to assert it roundly.
我宁可犹疑地表示我的意见而不愿 直率地断言这件事。

hesitating
adj.
犹豫的; 支吾的 -tatingly

hesitate
[5heziteit]
adv.

hesitate
falterflounderlet uppauserestwaverdaredecidedetermine
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doubtful, dubious, questionable; suspicious,

doubtful
[5dautful]
adj.
可疑的, 不确的, 疑心的

doubtful
doubt.ful
AHD:[dout“f…l]
D.J.[6dautf*l]
K.K.[6da&tf*l]
adj.(形容词)
Subject to or causing doubt:
可疑的,令人怀疑的:
a doubtful claim; doubtful prospects.
令人怀疑的索赔案;令人可疑的前景
Experiencing or showing doubt:
疑惑的,怀疑的:
Doubtful that the cord would hold, we strengthened it.
绳索恐怕不能支撑,让我们使它坚固一点
Of uncertain outcome; undecided.
不能确定的:未决的;未定的
Raising doubts as to legitimacy, honesty, or respectability; suspicious:
令人质疑的:合法性、诚实性或名声有问题的;不可靠的:
the candidate's doubtful past.See Usage Note at doubt
这位候选人过去名声令人质疑参见 doubt

doubt“fully
adv.(副词)
doubt“fulness
n.(名词)

doubtful, dubious, questionable
These adjectives express a degree of uncertainty or reservation about someone or something.
这些形容词都表示不确定的程度或对某人、某事的异议。
Doubtful  suggests pronounced lack of certainty:
Doubtful  表示明显的不确定性:
It is doubtful whether she will be admitted to graduate school.
她能否考上研究生很可疑。
He is an author of doubtful reputation.
他是一位名声不太好的作家。
Dubious  expresses uncertainty less directly and less forcefully; often it suggests hesitancy, suspicion, or mistrust:
Dubious  表示的不确定性不那么直接和不那么强,通常它含有犹豫不决、猜疑、不信任的意思:
dubious about agreeing to go;
迟疑不决到底同意还是不同意去;
a painting of dubious value.
价值没法断定的画。
Questionable  can mean merely open to question (
Questionable  意思是“值得疑问的”:(
Whether this is true is questionable);  often, however, it implies dubious morality, respectability, or propriety:
这是不是真的倒成问题); 然而,它通常暗指道德、名声或行为等的有问题:
questionable dealings;
不正派的行为;
a questionable stockbroker.
不正当的股票经纪人

doubtful
[5daJtfJl]
adj.
怀疑的;不信任的
It is doubtful that he will come.
他会不会来值得怀疑。
不确定的;拿不准的
不一定的;也许…不的
不可靠的;有问题的
He is a doubtful character.
他是一个不可靠的人。

doubtful
[5dautful]
adj.
怀疑的, 不太相信的(of, about)
可疑的; 未必好的
含糊的; 不确定的
难以预料的, 未定局的
be [feel] doubtful of [about] the data
怀疑那些数据
a doubtful character
可疑的人物
magazine of doubtful taste
内容不太好的[低级趣味的]杂志
a doubtful reply
含糊的回答

doubtfully
adv.
doubtfulness
n.

doubtful
doubt怀疑+ -ful多.…的

——————————————-
suspicious
[sEs5piFEs]
adj.
(~ of) 可疑的, 怀疑的

suspicious
sus.pi.cious
AHD:[s…-sp¹sh“…s]
D.J.[s*6spi.*s]
K.K.[s*6sp!.*s]
adj.(形容词)
Arousing or apt to arouse suspicion; questionable:
可疑的:引起或易于引起怀疑的;有问题的:
suspicious behavior.
可疑行为
Tending to suspect; distrustful:
多疑的;不信任的:
a suspicious nature.
多疑的性格
Expressing suspicion:
表示怀疑的:
a suspicious look.
表示怀疑的眼光

suspi“ciously
adv.(副词)
suspi“ciousness
n.(名词)

suspicious
[sE5spIFEs]
adj.
可疑的; 引起怀疑的
I am suspicious of that woman – I think she may have stolen sth. from our shop.
我很怀疑那位妇女,我想她可能偷了我们商店的东西。
疑心的;多疑的

suspicious
[sEs5piFEs]
adj.
可疑的, 令人怀疑的
多疑的, 对…起疑心的(of, about)
suspicious actions
可疑的行为
The ignorant are suspicious.
无知者多疑。

suspiciously
adv.
suspiciousness
n.

be [fell] suspicious of [about]
对…怀疑

suspicious
来自拉丁语 suspiciosus

suspicious
doubtfulquestionablewary

————————————-
distrustful
[dIs`trQstfJl]
adj.
不信任的, 怀疑的, 可疑的

distrustful
dis.trust.ful
AHD:[d¹s-tr¾st“f…l]
D.J.[dis6tr(stf*l]
K.K.[d!s6tr(stf*l]
adj.(形容词)
Feeling or showing doubt.
不信任的,怀疑的:感到或表示怀疑的

distrust“fully
adv.(副词)
distrust“fulness
n.(名词)

distrust
[dis5trQst]
n.
不相信; 不信任; 怀疑; 猜疑
have a distrust of sb.
不信任[怀疑]某人
look at sb. with distrust
怀疑地打量着某人

distrust
[dis5trQst]
vt.
不信任; 怀疑
distrust one's ears
不相信自己的耳朵

distrustful
[dIs`trQstfJl]
adj.
distrustfully
adv.

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accrue, increment, increase, expand, enlarge, extend, augment, multiply; grow

accrue
[E5kru:]
vi.
自然增加, 产生

accrue
ac.crue
AHD:[…-kr›“]
D.J.[*6kru8]
K.K.[*6kru]
v.(动词)
ac.crued, ac.cru.ing, ac.crues
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To come to one as a gain, an addition, or an increment:
自然增长,自然产生:因获得、附加或增加而成为一体:
interest accruing in my savings account.
加入我存款帐户中的利息
To increase, accumulate, or come about as a result of growth:
增加,积累,产生:作为增长的结果而增加、积累或产生:
common sense that accrues with experience.
常识是经验的积累
To come into existence as a claim that is legally enforceable.
权利产生:产生,如具有法律强制性的主张
v.tr.(及物动词)
To accumulate over time:
积累时间:
I have accrued 15 days of sick leave.
我共有15天的病假

Middle English acreuen
中古英语 acreuen
ultimately from Latin accr¶e [to grow]
最终源自 拉丁语 accr¶e [生长]
ad- [ad-]
ad- [ad-前缀]
cr¶e [to arise] * see ker- 2
cr¶e [升起] *参见 ker- 2

accrue“ment
n.(名词)

accrue
[E5kru:]
vi.
accrued, accruing
增加, 增多
The interest accrued over the months.
利息逐月自然增加。
Ability to think will accrue to you from good habits of study.
有了良好的学习习惯,思考能力就自然会有所提高。
Interest accrues to a man from loan.
提供贷款则利息自生。

accrue
[E5kru:]
vi.
增长
(利息等)自然增加
【律】(讼诉)发生
由……得到; 积累
Ability to think will accrue to you from good habits of study.
思考能力将因良好的学习习惯而自然增强。
If you put money in the bank, interest accrues.
如你将钱存于银行, 则自然生息。
Knowledge will accrue to you from reading.
读书能增加知识。

accruement
[E`krU:mEnt]
n.

accrue
中古英语 acreuen<古法语 acreu 增长

——————————————
increment
[5inkrimEnt]
n.
增加, 增量

increment
in.cre.ment
AHD:[¹n“kr…-m…nt, ¹ng“-]
D.J.[6inkr*m*nt, 6i0-]
K.K.[6!nkr*m*nt, 6!0-]
n.(名词)
The process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extent.
增加:在数目、大小、数量或范围方面的增长过程
Something added or gained:
增加或得到的东西:
a force swelled by increments from allied armies.
因从盟军那里得到增援而壮大起来的部队
A slight, often barely perceptible augmentation.
微量的增加:微小的、几乎看不出的增长
One of a series of regular additions or contributions:
累加:一系列规律性的增加或积累之一:
accumulating a fund by increments.
积累稳步增长的基金
Mathematics A small positive or negative change in the value of a variable.
【数学】 增量:变量值微小的正或负增长

Middle English
中古英语
from Latin incr¶m
源自 拉丁语 incr¶m
from incr¶e [to increase] * see increase
源自 incr¶e [增加] *参见 increase

in”cremen“tal
AHD:[-mµn“tl] (形容词)
in”cremen“tally
adv.(副词)

increment
[5InkrImEnt]
n.
增加;增值

increment
[5inkrimEnt]
n.
增额, 增值, 增长的过程; 增长的事物
增收, 生长
盈余, 利润;【数】增量
药包,【医】发育
increment of value duties
增值税
increment of a function
函数之增量

increment-borer
n.
生长锥

unearned increment
【经】土地的自然增值; 不劳而获的收入

angle increment
角增量
annual increment
年增量
appraisal increment
重估增值
average increment
平均增量
byte increment
字节增量
current increment
当年生长量
current annual increment
连年生长量
diameter increment
直径增量
differential increment
增加差量
drag increment
阻力增大
dynamic increment
动力增量
energy increment
能量增加
final mean annual increment
伐期年平均生长量
finite increment
有限增量
frequency increment
频率增量
groundwater increment
地下水增量
height increment
树高生长量
independent increment
独立增量
line increment
增行
load increment
载重增加
logarithmic increment
对数增量
marginal increment
边际增量
mean annual increment
平均年生长量
negative increment
负增量
normal increment
法正生长量
orthogonal increment
正交增量性
partial increment
偏差, 偏增量
periodical increment
周期生长量
power increment
功率增长量
pressure increment
压力增量
price increment
价格增加
quantity increment
材积生长量
refractive index increment
折光指数(浓度)增值
relative increment
相对增量
retention increment
保留(值)增量
salary increment
按级加薪数
speed increment
速度增量
strain increment
应变增量
swell increment
膨胀量
temperature increment
温度升高
throat increment
喉径增量(蜗轮出口外直径和最小直径之间的差)
thrust increment
推力增量
total mean increment
总平均生长量
uncorrelated increments
不相关增量
value increment
价值生长
velocity increment
速度增量
weight increment
重量增加
within-grade increment
等级内增薪
yearly increments
年度增加额
increment in calliper
直径生长量
increment of rent
地租增价

————————————————
accumulate
[E5kju:mjuleit]
v.
积聚, 堆积

accumulate

Means to get more and more of.
For example: Many people in China are now trying to accumulate money or accumulate wealth.
积累

accumulate
ac.cu.mu.late
AHD:[…-ky›m“y…-l³t”]
D.J.[*6kju8mj*7leit]
K.K.[*6kjumj*7let]
v.(动词)
ac.cu.mu.lat.ed, ac.cu.mu.lat.ing, ac.cu.mu.lates
v.tr.(及物动词)
To gather or pile up; amass.See Synonyms at gather
收集,堆集;积累参见 gather
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To mount up; increase.
增长;增加

Latin accumul³e  accumul³t-
拉丁语 accumul³e  accumul³t-
ad- [ad-]
ad- [ad-前缀]
cumul³e [to pile up]  from cumulus [heap] * see keu…-
cumul³e [堆积]  源自 cumulus [堆] *参见 keu…-

accu“mulable
AHD:[-l…-b…l] (形容词)

accumulate
[E5kju:mjJleIt]
vt., vi.
-lated, -lating
积累,积存
He accumulated a good library.
积累了丰富的藏书。

accumulate
[E5kju:mjuleit]
vt.
积累, 存储, 蓄积(财产等), 堆积
[英](大学)同时取得(高的和低的学位)
淤积
蓄电, 储电
accumulated funds
积累的资金
By buying ten books every month, he soon accumulated a good library.
他每月买十本书, 不久便集成一个丰富的藏书库。

accumulate
[E5kju:mjuleit]
vi.
堆积; 积聚
His debts accumulated.
他债台高筑。
Dust quickly accumulates if we don't sweep our room.
我们如果不打扫房间, 灰尘很快就会积聚起厚厚的一层。

accumulation
[Ekju:mjJ5leIF(E)n]
n.
积累[聚]; 堆[积]聚物

accumulate
来自拉丁语 accumulatus<accumulare<ad-=to+cumulare 堆积

accumulate,amass这两个词都可解释为“积累”
accumulate
强调“经过一段比较长的时间由少积多的积累”,使用范围较广,似乎凡是数量方面的增长都可以表示。
However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate.
然而,随着迹象开始积聚,伦敦动物园的专家们感到有必要进行调查了。
amass 强调“大量的聚集”,常用于财富、信息、所有物等的聚集,这种积累可能一下子完成,也可能在短期内完成,也可能在比较长的时间内完成,但是数量总是很大的。
People tend to amass possessions, sometimes without being aware of doing so.
人们倾向于积攒东西,有的并未意识到这样做。

accumulate
amassassemblecollectcompilegatherincreasestore updissipatewaste

—————————————-
increase
[in5kri:s]
n.
增加, 增大, 增长
vt.
增加, 加大
vi.
增加, 繁殖

increase

Increase is the process of adding something or raising something.
For example: In order to go faster she decided to increase the speed of the car.
增加, 增长

increase
in.crease
AHD:[¹n-kr¶s“]
D.J.[in6kri8s]
K.K.[!n6kris]
v.(动词)
in.creased, in.creas.ing, in.creas.es
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To become greater or larger.
增大,增多
To multiply; reproduce.
繁殖;复制
v.tr.(及物动词)
To make greater or larger.
增加,增大
n.(名词)
AHD:[¹n“kr¶s”] 缩写 inc., incr.
The act of increasing:
增长的行为:
a steady increase in temperature.
气温持续增高
The amount or rate by which something is increased:
增加率:某事物的增长量或增长率:
a tax increase of 15 percent.
百分之十五的税收增长
Obsolete Reproduction and spread; propagation.
【废语】 复制和散布;繁殖

on the increase
Increasing, especially in frequency of occurrence:
不断增长,特指出现的频率:
Crime is on the increase.
犯罪率在不断上升

Middle English encresen
中古英语 encresen
from Old French encreistre  encreiss-
源自 古法语 encreistre  encreiss-
from Latin incr¶e
源自 拉丁语 incr¶e
in- [intensive pref.] * see in- 2
in- [用于加强语意的前缀] *参见 in-2
cr¶e [to grow] * see ker- 2
cr¶e [生长] *参见 ker- 2

increas“able
adj.(形容词)
increas“er
n.(名词)
increas“ingly
adv.(副词)

increase, expand, enlarge, extend, augment, multiply
These verbs mean to make or become greater or larger.
这些动词都有增长、扩大的含义。
Increase  applies most widely; it sometimes suggests steady growth:
Increase  应用范围最广;有时指稳定的增长:
“Absence diminishes mediocre passions and increases great ones” (La Rochefoucauld).
“分别会使平庸的感情削减,却能使深厚的感情增强” (拉·劳土福科)。
The mayor's political influence rapidly increased. To expand  is to increase in size, area, volume, bulk, or range:  
市长的政治影响迅速扩大。 expand 指在大小、面积、容积、体积或范围等方面的增长:
He does exercises to expand his chest.
他做锻炼以扩大胸肌。
“Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion” (C. Northcote Parkinson).
“扩大工作量以在规定时间内完成工作” (C·纳斯克特·帕金森)。
Enlarge  refers to expansion in size, extent, capacity, or scope:
Enlarge  指在大小、程度、容量或范围等方面的扩大:
The landowner enlarged her property by repeated purchases.
土地拥有者不停购买以扩充她的财产。
Our group of friends is enlarging by leaps and bounds. To extend is to lengthen in space or time or to broaden in range,  as of application:
我们的朋友圈在飞速地扩大。 extend 指加大空间、加长时间或扩大范围, 如以下应用:
The transit authority extended the subway line to the next town.
交通运输部门把地铁延伸到下一个城镇。
The baseball season may be extended.
棒球季节可能会延长。
“His [Jefferson's]  eye, like his mind, sought an extended view”  (Dumas Malone).
“他的[杰斐逊的] 眼睛,就象他的头脑一样,看得很深远”  (杜莫斯·马龙)。
Augment  usually applies to what is already developed or well under way:
Augment  通常用于已经发展的或正处于进展状态的:
augmented her collection of books;
扩大了她的藏书;
depression that augments with each visit to the hospital. To multiply is to increase in number,  especially by propagation or procreation:
随着每次看病而增长的压抑之情。 multiply 指在数目上的增加, 尤指繁殖或生殖:
“As for my cats, they multiplied” (Daniel Defoe).
“至于我的猫嘛,又生了许多只” (丹尼尔·笛福)。
“May thy days be multiplied!” (Sir Walter Scott).
“愿您拥有越来越多的时间!” (华特·司各特爵士)
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